What Is Tense In English Grammar Pdf?

What Is Tense In English Grammar Pdf? The term “tense” in English grammar refers to the time when an action occurs. There are three main tenses in English – past, present, and future – which each have a number of sub-categories. For example, the past tense can be further divided into simple past, present perfect, and past continuous. Each tense has its own conjugation rules, which determine how verbs are changed to reflect the different times when an action occurs.

The tense of a sentence also affects its meaning; for instance, a sentence in the simple present tense typically describes an action that is happening right now, whereas a sentence in the past tense would describe something that happened in the past. As such, understanding how to use different tenses correctly is essential for communicating effectively in English.

12 Tenses in English Grammar + Examples

Tenses in Grammar
Tenses in Grammar

1- Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is used to describe an action that is happening currently, or to describe something that happens regularly.

For example:

  1. I work in a bank. (This sentence describes my current occupation.)
  2. They play tennis every Saturday. (This sentence describes something that happens regularly.)

simple present tense

2- Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous tense is used to describe an action that is happening at the moment of speaking. It can also be used to describe an action that is going to happen in the near future.

For example:

  1. I am working in a bank. (This sentence describes my current occupation.)
  2. They are playing tennis. (This sentence describes an action that is happening at the moment of speaking.)

present continuous tense

3- Present Perfect Tense

The present perfect tense is used to describe an action that happened at a time in the past but has relevance to the present.

For example:

  1. I have worked in a bank. (This sentence describes my previous occupation.)
  2. They have played tennis. (This sentence describes an action that happened in the past but has relevance to the present.)

presentperfect tense

4- Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The present perfect continuous tense is used to describe an action that started in the past and is still continuing in the present.

For example:

  1. I have been working in a bank. (This sentence describes my current occupation.)
  2. They have been playing tennis. (This sentence describes an action that started in the past and is still continuing in the present.)

present perfect continuous tense

5- Past Simple Tense

The past simple tense is used to describe an action that happened at a specific time in the past.

For example:

  1. I worked in a bank. (This sentence describes my previous occupation.)
  2. They played tennis. (This sentence describes an action that happened at a specific time in the past.)

past simple tense

6- Past Continuous Tense

The past continuous tense is used to describe an action that was happening at a specific time in the past.

For example:

  1. I was working in a bank. (This sentence describes my occupation at a specific time in the past.)
  2. They were playing tennis. (This sentence describes an action that was happening at a specific time in the past.)

past continuous tense

7- Past Perfect Tense

The past perfect tense is used to describe an action that happened before another action in the past.

For example:

  1. I had worked in a bank before I started my own business. (This sentence describes an action that happened before another action in the past.)
  2. They had played tennis before they went to the movies. (This sentence describes an action that happened before another action in the past.)

past perfect tense

8- Past Perfect Continuous Tense

The past perfect continuous tense is used to describe an action that was happening continuously up until a specific point in the past.

For example:

  1. I had been working in a bank before I started my own business. (This sentence describes an action that was happening continuously up until a specific point in the past.)
  2. They had been playing tennis before they went to the movies. (This sentence describes an action that was happening continuously up until a specific point in the past.)

past perfect continuous tense

9- Future Simple Tense

The future simple tense is used to describe an action that will happen in the future.

For example:

  1. I will work in a bank. (This sentence describes my future occupation.)
  2. They will play tennis. (This sentence describes an action that will happen in the future.)

future simple tense

10- Future Continuous Tense

The future continuous tense is used to describe an action that will be happening at a specific time in the future.

For example:

  1. I will be working in a bank. (This sentence describes my occupation at a specific time in the future.)
  2. They will be playing tennis. (This sentence describes an action that will be happening at a specific time in the future.)

future continuous tense

11- Future Perfect Tense

The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will have happened before another action in the future.

For example:

  1. I will have worked in a bank before I start my own business. (This sentence describes an action that will have happened before another action in the future.)
  2. They will have played tennis before they go to the movies. (This sentence describes an action that will have happened before another action in the future.)

future perfect tense

12- Future Perfect Continuous Tense

The future perfect continuous tense is used to describe an action that will have been happening continuously up until a specific point in the future.

For example:

  1. I will have been working in a bank before I start my own business. (This sentence describes an action that will have been happening continuously up until a specific point in the future.)
  2. They will have been playing tennis before they go to the movies. (This sentence describes an action that will have been happening continuously up until a specific point in the future.)

future perfect continuous tense

Download this tenses lesson in PDF, Here.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you identify tenses?

There are three main tenses in English: present, past, and future. Each tense has a corresponding verb form that indicates when the action is taking place. For example, the present tense form of “walk” is “walks,” indicating that the action is happening now. The past tense form of “walk” is “walked,” indicating that the action happened at some point in the past. The future tense form of “walk” is “will walk,” indicating that the action will happen at some point in the future.

To identify which tense a verb is in, simply identify the corresponding verb form. If you’re unsure what the verb form is, consult a grammar guide or dictionary. Once you know the verb form, you can identify the tense it corresponds to. For example, if you see the verb form “walks,” you know it’s in the present tense; if you see the verb form “walked,” you know it’s in the past tense, and if you see the verb form “will walk,” you know it’s in the future tense.

What’s another word for tense?

The word tense can be used to describe a variety of different things, from verbs to emotions. In grammar, tense refers to the form of a verb that indicates when an action took place. For example, the present tense is used for actions that are happening now, while the past tense is used for actions that have already happened.

Tense can also be used to describe someone’s emotional state. If someone is feeling tense, they may be feeling nervous or stressed. In a similar vein, something that is tense may be creepy or suspenseful. Ultimately, the word tense is quite versatile, and its meaning will depend on the context in which it is used.

How many tenses are there in English?

While there is some debate on the matter, it is generally agreed that there are three main tenses in English: past, present, and future. Each of these tenses can be further divided into subcategories. For example, the present tense can be further divided into present simple, present continuous, and present perfect.

In addition, there are also progressive tenses, which express ongoing actions, and perfect tenses, which express actions that have been completed. As a result, while there may not be a definitive answer to the question of how many tenses there are in English, it is clear that there is a great deal of variety when it comes to expressing time in the language.

What are tenses in Class 9?

In grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking. There are two main tenses in English – past, and present. The present tense is used to describe current actions, while the past tense is used to describe actions that have already happened.

In addition, there are also future and perfect tenses, which indicate actions that will take place or have already taken place respectively. Each tense has a specific ending, which must be added to the verb in order to form the correct tense. For example, the present simple tense is formed by adding ‘-s’ to the base form of the verb, as in ‘He walks.

Tenses are often used in combination with other aspects of grammar, such as mood and voice, to express meaning more clearly. For example, the imperative mood is often used in conjunction with the present tense to give commands or make requests. As a result, an understanding of tenses is essential for mastering English grammar.

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